In the 1980’s, the science of orbital cavity and its soft tissues had not yet fully developed in many countries of the world, including Indonesia. One drawback in the field of orbital tumor or oculoplastic-reconstruction in the eyelid and orbital bone is that the diagnosis of this disease is hardly made. Therefore, the accuracy of intervention can only be achieved through history taking or anamnesis and X-ray photos. With the invention of USG technology and CT-scan, what was previously hidden inside the orbital cavity came to be revealed, in the form of various soft tissues.
It was the late Prof. Nana Tamin Radjamin who first sent out the late Dr. Bakri Abdul Syukur an ophthalmologist from Airlangga University in Surabaya to learn about the orbit in Amsterdam under the auspices of Prof. G.M. Bleeker. This was followed by Dr. Nila F. Moeloek and Dr. Hadisudjono who had the opportunity to become the first fellows from the Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia in 1980 and 1981, under the guidance of Prof. G.M. Bleeker, who was also the initiator of the Orbital Centrum in Amsterdam.
At that time, Prof. Blekker emphasized that the visual organ of the eye and orbit constituted an inseparable anatomic and physiologic unity, and with such understanding, the discipline of orbital science began to be developed in Indonesia after the fellows returned to Indonesia.
Another important development took place in 1986, when the Oculoplastic Reconstruction and Orbital Staffs (Dr. Hadisudjono, Dr. Darmayanti, Dr. Lakshmi, Dr. Rianti) were included in cranioplasty team, which was the site of Craniofacial Unit of various disciplines of study that conducted collective activities, such as Eye, ENT (Dr. Thamrin), Neuro Surgery (Dr. Lucas), and Plastic Surgery (Dr. Bisono, Dr. Koeswara). They all sent by the Indonesia Ministry of Health to joined the craniofacial congress in Adelaide, Australia. Such development was very important because the orbit is situated close to other organs, to the extent that its intervention requires a multidisciplinary approach.
Further development in Reconstruction Oculoplastic and Oncology (ROO) science was made by Prof. Dr. dr. Nila Moeloek, Dr. Hadisudjono S, Dr. Darmayanti, (UI) Dr. Lakshmi Taufik (UNPAD), Prof. Rowena, Dr. Armanto, Dr. Ratna Doemillah, Dr. Harijo (UNAIR), Dr, Agus Supartoto (UGM), Dr. Rianti Suryo (UNPAD), dr. Tetty Usman, Dr. Hernawita, Dr. Sandra (UI), Dr. Widagdo, Dr. Inakawati (UNDIP), Dr. Halimah (UNHAS), Dr, Sukartini (UDAYANA), Dr. Ratna, Dr. Elfina (UNBRAW), Dr. Dr. Nurhaida Djamil (USU), Dr. Iskandar (UNSRI), Dr. Ardizal (UNAND), Dr. Saerang Manopo (UNSRAT) who played an important role in development ROO science in Indonesia.
Therefore, on 2012 the first meeting “Basic Learning of Reconstruction Oculoplastic and Oncology” in Bali was held. This is the major first step of the organization development which was attended by lots of ophthalmologists who had passion in Reconstruction Oculoplastic and Oncology field.
Over the time, orbital abnormalities were found increasingly in Indonesia. These generate the enthusiasm of ophthalmologists who have interest in this field along with the development of orbital science in Indonesia. To make an association for transferring skills and sharing experiences, an organization called “Indonesian Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstruction Surgery” (INASOPRS) was established, comprised of more than hundred members spread throughout Indonesia.
Each year, INASOPRS conducts courses and wet lab using cadaver or goat heads to train ophthalmologists in Indonesia. To date, this organization has conducted various joint surgeries and held some congress to deliver the plastic reconstruction and orbital science around Indonesia.